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Hiroshi Ono

European Inst of Japanese Studies
Stockholm School of Economics

P.O. Box 6501
Stockholm, SE-113 83, Sweden
Phone: (468) 736-9367
Fax: (468)313017


  • social stratification
  • economic sociology
  • organizations

    "Gender and the Internet" by Hiroshi Ono and Madeline Zavodny, published by Social Science Quarterly (Mar 2003).

    Objective: This article examines whether there are differences in menís and womenís use of the Internet and whether any such gender gaps have changed in recent years. Methods: We use data from several surveys during the period 1997 to 2001 to show trends in Internet usage and to estimate regression models of Internet usage that control for individualsí socioeconomic characteristics. Results: Women were significantly less likely than men to use the Internet at all in the mid-1990s, but this gender gap in being online disappeared by 2000. However, once online, women remain less frequent and less intense users of the Internet. Conclusions: There is little reason for concern about sex inequalities in Internet access and usage now, but gender differences in frequency and intensity of Internet usage remain.

    "Race, Internet Usage, and E-commerce" by Hiroshi Ono and Madeline Zavodny, published by Review of Black Political Economy (Dec 2003).

    We examine racial and ethnic differences in computer ownership and Internet usage using data from a survey conducted by the Nomura Research Institute in 2000, supplemented with data from the August 2000 Current Population Survey. We focus on online shopping because few studies have examined racial and ethnic differences in e-commerce. The results indicate that blacks and Hispanics are less likely to own or use a computer than non-Hispanics whites but are not less likely to shop online, even regardless of computer ownership. Indeed, blacks appear to shop online more frequently and, among home Internet users, to spend more than non-Hispanic whites.


    Hiroshi Ono and Madeline Zavodny "Gender Differences in Information Technology Usage: A U.S.- Japan Comparison" (08 17, 2004) at American Sociological Association meeting, San Francisco. Website

    This study examines whether there are differences in menís and womenís use of computers and the Internet in the U.S. and Japan and how any such gender gaps have changed over time. We focus on these two countries because information technology is widely used in both but there are substantial differences in institutions and social organizations. We use microdata from several surveys during 1997-2001 to examine differences and trends in computer and Internet usage in the two countries. Our results indicate that there were significant gender differences in computer and Internet usage in both countries during the mid 1990s. By 2001, these gender differences had disappeared or were even reversed in the U.S. but remained in Japan. People not currently working have lower levels of IT use and skills in both countries regardless of gender, but working women in Japan have lower levels of IT use and skills than working men, a difference that generally does not occur in the U.S. This suggests that employment status per se does not play a large role in the gender gap in Japan, but type of employment does. The prevalence of nonstandard employment among female workers in Japan can explain much of the gender gap in IT use and skills in that country.

                          a Section of the American Sociological Association